Car accidents can cause many different types of injuries with varying degrees of severity. The
amount of injury may not be proportional to the amount of damage to the car. Even low impact
crashes have been known to cause injury. Accident injuries should be evaluated by a physician to
make sure there are no serious or permanent injuries. Some common injuries are:

Lacerations (Cuts)

Broken glass, torn sheet metal or flying objects inside the car can all cause lacerations or cuts.
Simple cuts may heal on their own or with a few stitches. Deep lacerations may result in blood loss
and require surgery to repair. Scarring may result from cuts and require surgery to minimize visible
scars, especially if the scars are on the face or neck.

Broken Bones

Broken wrists, arms, ankles, legs and ribs are all common in car accidents. Simple breaks are
generally treated with a cast followed by physical therapy once the cast is removed to regain full
range of motion. More serious breaks may require surgery to repair, again followed by physical
therapy. If a broken bone pierces the skin, it is known as a compound fracture. In either case, you
may be referred to an orthopedic specialist.

Sprains and Strains

Ligament sprains and muscle strains in the shoulders wrists, arms, ankles, legs and ribs are all
common in car accidents. Some of these injuries with heal fast without treatment but others can
linger on for several weeks or months. These injuries are generally treated by a chiropractor,
orthopedic physician, pain management physician or physical therapy.

Spine, Back & Neck Injuries

Whiplash is a very common neck injury in car accidents. It is caused by the motion of the accident
moving your head and neck outside its normal range and straining ligaments, muscles and tendons.
Because bones are not involved in a whiplash injury, it may be referred to as a soft tissue injury.
Spinal injuries may result in severe pain, loss of sensation or movement or in temporary or
permanent paralysis.

Internal Injuries

Injuries to internal organs may occur if the car crash forces your body into an object like the steering
wheel or if you are hit by flying debris from inside or outside the vehicle. These injuries result in
internal bleeding and must be treated promptly.

Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Any blow to the head may cause swelling in the brain. If this swelling is severe, it may result in
permanent injury. If you believe you hit your head in a car accident, it is important to tell the
paramedics that respond to the accident. While the swelling may begin immediately after the
accident, the injured party may not feel any effects or exhibit any symptoms until some time has
passed. This is sometimes called the “lucid interval.” Immediate treatment of all head injuries is very
important.

Let us know if you have been injured in an accident and would like to be contacted